Canada is a country because we are globally acknowledged as a country and we have legal borders recognized on a map. Firstly, every person in Canada has different values and beliefs depending on their region, which means that Canada consists of many small nations, not that the entire landmass is one nation. If Canada were a nation then, by extension, all first nations tribes would be considered a part of the same group with the same values and beliefs. In 1963 Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian philosopher said, “Canada is the only country in the world that knows how to live without an identity” which exemplifies the idea that Canada allows people to retain their individual cultures and beliefs when immigrating. The fact that each person has this privilege means that we can’t possibly, as Canadians, be a nation with one belief set.

Secondly, the idea of a Post-National state requires two conditions. The first being a complete absence of any core identity or mainstream ideals. In direct contradiction to this, we see evidence such as the Canadian national anthem. “When the first familiar chords of “O Canada” play at schools, hockey games and other events, Canadians stand with pride in honour of their country”(Canadian Government, 2018-11-08). The Canadian national anthem contains lyrics such as “True patriot love, in all of us command” and “We stand on guard for thee” which show a sense of Canadian pride. The second thing required for a Post-National State is a complete transcending of borders. “The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) ensures Canada’s security and prosperity by facilitating and overseeing international travel and trade across Canada’s border.”(CBSA, 2019-02-06) Canada still has a geographically recognized border which is heavily enforced and regulated in the form of passports and official documentation, therefore we have not yet reached the status of a Post-National State.

Finally, Canada is considered a country by both two methods that most experts use to define a country. The first of these methods is the Montevideo Convention, which states that a state should possess the following qualifications”(a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states.” All of which apply to Canada. The second of these methods is the Constitutive Theory of Statehood, which claims that the only defining quality required for something to be a country is whether or not it is recognized as one by other countries. Given that Canada is an active member of the UN, it is clearly considered a country by all other member countries. The evidence provided here shows why Canada is neither a nation nor a Post-National state, and why it should be considered a country. The overlapping pieces of evidence are the presence of a legal border, the appearance of Canada on a map, and the subsequent recognition of Canada globally as a country.

 

Sources:

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/04/the-canada-experiment-is-this-the-worlds-first-postnational-country

http://www.vancouversun.com/opinion/columnists/douglas+todd+dangers+postnational+canada/11779069/story.html

https://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/eu-ue/policies-politiques/border-douanes.aspx?lang=eng

https://www.canada.ca/en/canadian-heritage/services/anthems-canada.html